Silk Road Map

The Silk Road

The Silk Road is a historically important international trade route between China and Europe. Because China silk comprised a large proportion of the trade along this ancient road, in 1877, it was named the “Silk Road” by an eminent German geographer. Usually it can be classified into Northern Silk Road on the land Southern Silk Road on the land and the Silk Road on the sea. The Northern Silk Road on the land usually refers to the routes start from Chang traveling west to Wuwei, passing though Hexi Corridor to Dunhuang and go west to Europe. The Southern Silk Road on the land usually refers to the route starts from Sichuan Province and go south to India and Burma. It is now included in the World Heritage List of UNESCO.33 historical sites are along the road in total and 22 of them distribute in Shaanxi, Henan, Gansu and Xinjiang of China.

From the time Zhang Qian opened up the world-famous Silk Road during the Han Dynasty, until the collapse of the Yuan Dynasty, it enjoyed a history of about 1.600 years. The ancient Silk Road contributed greatly to the cultural exchange between China and the West. From the second century BC to the fifteenth century AD, splendid civilizations among China, India, Greece, Persia and Rome were exchanged along this famous trade route, making the route a great “Cultural Bridge” between Asia and Europe. Together with the economic and political exchange between the East and West, religions of the West were introduced into China via the world-famous route. Like Buddhism and Islam. From time immemorial, the Silk Road has been a route of friendly intercourse between the Chinese and foreign people. The Silk Road greatly promoted the exchanges of economy, technology and culture among the Asian, the European and the African. It made the whole world colorful.

Silk Road News

Take speed train to explore the old Silk Road

Baolan High Speed Railway , which is a Passenger Dedicated Line from Baoji to Lanzhou, starts from Baoji city in the eas ..

Gansu topped the list of the best destinations of Asia

Lonely planet recently released the list of “the best destination of Asia”, Gansu in China took the first place to be ..

2023 Dunhuang International Fashion Week opening show was held in Dunhuang City

On October 15, the opening show of 2023 Dunhuang International Fashion Week was staged at the Yumenguan Site scenic area ..

The documentary "Great Dunhuang" tells the story of exchanges and mutual learning between civilizations

Recently, the China Media Group released four episodes of large-scale cultural and historical documentary "Great Dunhuan ..

Dunhuang daughter Fan Jinshi donated 10 million yuan to Dunhuang Academy

10th morning, "Fan Jinshi Star" naming, Fan Jinshi Foundation Establishment and engaged in Dunhuang cultural relics 60 y ..

Tourist charter flights from Dunhuang to Seoul of South Korea were launched

At 14:00 on January 12, China Southern Airlines flight CZ8011 landed smoothly at Dunhuang Mogao International Airport, m ..

Silk Road Knowledge

Old photos of Xiahe city in Gansu in 1930s

The market near Labrang Monastery in Xiahe County. Xiahe County is located in the northwest of Gannan Tibetan Autonomou ..

Turpan Basin – the lowest terrain and highest temperature of China

The Turpan Basin is an inter-mountain basin in the eastern part of the Tianshan Mountains.. "Turpan" means "lowland" in ..

Zhangye Danxia landform - The rosy cloud

Your eyes are not deceiving you. This layer cake of amazing colours is a real landscape located at Zhangye Danxia Landf ..

The Mongolian Horse and the Blood-Sweating Stallions

The Arrival of the Heavenly Mare 天馬徠兮 從西極 經萬里兮 歸有徳 承靈威兮 降外國 渉流沙兮 四夷服[a] The heavenly hors ..


5000-500 B.C 3200 Horse domesticated on south Russian steppe. 3000 Minoan civilization starts, the earliest in Eur ..

Secrets of the Esoteric Empire: The Tangut Script

The people of the Western Xia were pious Buddhists and Confucians. They not only left behind beautiful art in the Mogao ..

Ethnic Groups On Silk Road

Ethnic Groups & Religions on the Silk Road - Uygur

There are more than 15 local ethnic groups settel down for a long history and other over 30 ethnic minorities scatter ov ..

Hui People

The Hui nationality is the shorter name of "HuiHui" nationality, is a minority nation in China with large population, ha ..

Ethnic Groups & Religions on the Silk Road - Yugur

Yugur is one of the 56 ethnic groups in China, with a small population, who call themselves “Yaohuer”. After the fundi ..

Ethnic Groups & Religions on the Silk Road - Tibetan

Tibetan nationality is one of the 56 ethnic groups in China, is the aboriginals of Tibetan Plateau, which is a agricultu ..

The Tanguts

The Tanguts (Xia) were a people of Tibetan origin, whose home originally was in the highlands of western Sichuan. By th ..

Nomads on the silk road

Nomads and nomadism have been intimately linked to Silk Road trade and culture since ancient times ("nomad" derives from ..

Dunhuang Art

Dunhuang Celebration

"Dunhuang Celebration" focus on a legendary love story. Besides utilizing the scene of Singing Dunes, Crescent lake in t ..

The dance drama "Silk Road, Flower Rain"

The "Silk Road, Flower Rain" was rated as the sample of China natioanl dance drama.It was created by Gansu Song and Danc ..

Style and Artistry of Dunhuang Art

The Murals of Dunhuang Caves are rated among the rare treasures of the world not only for their enormous quantity, but a ..

Historical Figures