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- In DunhuangArt
From Cave 17, Mogao, near Dunhuang, Gansu province, China
Tang Dynasty, late 9th - early 10th century AD
The beginnings of portraiture in the East
The cave where the paintings were found sealed up at Mogao, known as Cave 17, was originally built as a memorial chapel for Hongbian, a monk who was active there in the ninth century. His statue was removed when the bundles of silk paintings were put into the cave, but this has now been returned to its original place. The statue shows Hongbian seated with his hands on his lap, in a similar fashion to the monk shown in this sketch, and with his belongings hanging on the tree behind. A monk was only allowed to have a begging bowl or bag and a rosary, a prayer mat like the one that this monk sits on, and a vase for water. His shoes are neatly placed in front of the mat.
The depiction of senior monks and sages played an important part in the development of portrait painting and sculpture in China and East Asia.
R. Whitfield, Art of Central Asia: The Ste-1, vol. 2 (Tokyo, Kodansha International Ltd., 1982-85)
R. Whitfield and A. Farrer, Caves of the thousand Buddhas: (London, The British Museum Press, 1990)