Shaolin Temple was established in 495DC during the Northern Wei Dynasty (386~534). Batuo, an Indian monk, came to Luoyang, the ancient capital, for spreading Buddhism at that period, Emperor Xiaowen was a believer of Buddhism, so he decided to build the temple in the Songshan Mountain to house Batuo.In 527DC, another Indian monk, named Damo, came here and originated Zen Buddhism and Shaolin Kungfu. After that, Shaolin Temple became more and more famous.
It's located at Dengfeng County, Henan Province, which is only 8 miles of Dengfeng and about 50 miles southwest of Zhengzhou, the capital of Henan Province. It covers an area of 57600 square meters, so its scale is great.
Shaolin Temple is the birthplace of Buddhism's Chan Zen in China as well as the cradle of China's Shaolin Kingfu.It is famous not only because of its long history and its role in Chinese Buddhism, but also because of its martial arts or Wushu Chan. There are many famous scenes in Shaolin Temple, such as The Stone Tablets(常住院), Heaven King Hall(天王殿)，The Maliavira Hall(大雄宝殿), The Buddhist Living Quarters(十方禅院)，which is for transient monks. The Dharma Cave(达摩洞)，in this cave Dharma patiently faced the wall and meditated for nine years, finally, he reached the immortal state and created the Buddhism and Shaolin Kungfu. The Ancestor's Monastery(初祖庵),it is built by Dharma's disciple to commemorate Dharma's nine years of meditation in the cave. The Pagoda Forest(塔林), which is a graveyard for Buddhist dignitaries through the ages.