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Ethnic Groups & Religions on the Silk Road - Uygur

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3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
The Kazakhs3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
Population: 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
Kazak population was recorded as 1,352,100 in the 2003 census, 6.99 percent of the region's total.3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

Living Areas: 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
The Kazak people mainly live in Ili, Tacheng, Altay, Barkol, Jichang and Urumqi on the northern the Tianshan Mountains Xinjiang. 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

Language: 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
The Kazak language belongs to the Turkic branch of the Altaic family of languages. Its written form is based on the Arabic alphabet.3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

Religion: 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
The Kazaks are Muslims.3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

Residence: 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
Most pastoral Kazaks live in movable yurts.3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

Economy: 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
Most Kazaks live on animal husbandry. They also engage in food crop farming.3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

Holidays: 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
Major Kazak holidays include Corban, Nawuruz and Id El-Fitr. They number years in a system using 12 astral animals. Nawuruz is a celebration of the lunar New Year. Herding families celebrate it with a feast of roast mutton, cheese nuggets and cooked barley and maize.3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

History: 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
The Kazaks' ancestors can be traced back to several nomadic tribes from different times – the Wusun people between the 3rd century BC and the early AD 1st century, the Turkomans and Geluolus between the 6th and 10th centuries, and the Naiman, Kelie and Kipchak tribes in the 12th and 13th centuries. The name "Kazak" first appeared in the 15th century, and in the late 16th century the Kazaks organized themselves into three tribal leagues called the Major, Medium and Minor Yuzi.3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

Diet: 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
Kazak herdspeople live off their animals. They make a variety of dairy foods, such as butter, cheese, dried cream and yogurt. Mutton is cooked on the bone to be held while eating. Pita bread, deep fried dough cake and rice cooked with sliced mutton are daily staples. Kazaks traditionally treat guests with the best food they have, even the meat of their best colt.3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
Culture: 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
The Kazaks have a distinctive cultural and artistic legacy, with roaming ballad singers and families gathering to sing and dance in herdspeople's camps. The value of herding skills is reflected in traditional sports like horseracing, horseback wrestling, competing for a "sheep" (a sheepskin chased on horseback) and "girl-chasing-boy."3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
Costume: 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
In winter, Kazak men wear sheepskin or fur caps, jackets and pants. Their jackets and the bottoms of their pant legs are ornamented with embroidered patterns. Their caps are made of warm fox fur and their cattle-hide belts have decorative buckles. Kazak women wear colorful dresses, shawls and flower-patterned scarves. Girls decorate their hats with owl feathers. The patterns on married women's veils are different from those of unmarried women.3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
Marriage: 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
Monogamy is standard, although some polygamy can be found historically. A marriage has to go through matchmaking, engagement, betrothal gift offering, bridal shower and a grand wedding. All these occasions are accompanied by love songs and blessings for the couple.3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

The Hui People3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
Population: 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
Approximately 9,820,000 in 20033sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

Living Areas: 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
Hui Musims mostly live in Ningxia, Xinjiang Jichang and Yanshi, Qinghai, Gansu, Inner Mongol and Shaanxi Province. 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
Language: 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
The Huis speak Mandarin Chinese and write in Chinese characters, although a number of Arabic and Persian words have remained in daily speech.3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

Economy: 3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
The Huis live mainly on food crop farming. Some are also craftspeople or businesspeople.3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

Culture:  3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
The Huis boast a rich heritage of folklore and narrative poems. Their folk songs include the popular "Flowers," "Ditty" and "Banquet Song."3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

Holidays:  3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
Rosun is the major Hui festival of the year and Corban the second most important.3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

Religion:  3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
The Huis are Muslims, and divide themselves into two sects – the "Majors" and the "Minors."3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

Costumes:  3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
Compared to other ethnic groups in Xinjiang, the Huis dress themselves plainly. Men typically wear a small white skullcap, white shirt and black vest. Women wear veils or white caps. Many like to wear jewelry.3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

Marriage:   3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
The Huis practice monogamy.3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

Residence:  3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
Traditionally, Huis live in wooden-framed adobe bungalows. Most of these south-facing buildings have one door, two windows, and a flat or lean-to roof. But many now live in apartment buildings with modern facilities.3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

Diet:  3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
Wheat flour is the Hui's traditional staple food. They make all sorts of dishes out of it, such as hand-stretched noodles, flakes, steamed buns, soup, deep-fried bread.3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

History:  3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
The Hui's ancestors can be traced back to Islamic soldiers and artisans who lived in central and western Asia. Their influx was a result of Genghis Khan's western expedition during the 13th century. These people, called "Huihui" by the Mongolians, were recruited as scouts for the army. In 1273, Khan ordered them to be grouped into local garrison communities to guard the border while reclaiming wasteland and farming. The region known today as Xinjiang was a principal area where they were stationed, and during Mongolian rule they settled across the region in Jichang, Fukang, Jimsar, Kashi, Hotan and Ili River Valley. In the second half of the mid-18th century, many Huis moved to Xinjiang from elsewhere in China. The main body of the present Hui ethnic group in the region formed during this period.3sCSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

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