Wuwei is located in northwest central Gansu province. In the north it borders Inner Mongolia, in the southwest, Qinghai. Its central location between three western capitals, Lanzhou, Xining, and Yinchuan makes it an important business and transportation hub for the area. Because of its position along the Hexi Corridor, historically the only route from central China to western China and the rest of Central Asia, many major railroads and national highways pass through Wuwei.
Wuwei's geography is dominated by three plateaus, the Loess, Tibetan, and Mongolian. Elevation can be generalized as, the south is high and the north is low, with elevations ranging from 1,020 to 4,874 metres (3,350 to 15,991 ft) above sea-level. Its area is 33,000 km2 (13,000 sq mi). Average annual temperature is 7.8 °C (46.0 °F). The climate is arid or semi-arid with rainfall between 60 to 610 mm (2.4 to 24 in). Evaporation is from 1,400 to 3,000 mm (55 to 120 in), creating a net loss of water each year. There are 2200–3000 sunlight hours each year and from 85–165 frost free days. Temperatures during summer in excess of 45.0 °C (113.0 °F) in the shade are by no means unheard of.
Southwest of Wuwei, there is a 230 metres (750 ft) thick Tianzhu Formation made of clastics intercalated with sandy shale and shale. Minerals deposits occurring in the vicinity of Wuwei include graphite, iron, titanium, and limestone.
1. There is no civil airport in Wuwei City. The nearest airport is Lanzhou Zhongchuan Airport.
2. It is easy to take train traveling from Wuwei to other cites in China. Wuwei Railway Station is located at Chengguan Town in Wuwei City. It offers daily trains running to Lanzhou, Korla, Beijing, Jiayuguan, Urumqi, Dunhuang, Xian, Zhengzhou, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Chengdu, Chongqing, Shangqiu, Lianyungang, etc.
3. Wuwei Long-distance Bus Station is located at Nanguanxi Lu, Wuwei City. It is the hinge of passenger bus transport in Wuwei. There are buses daily traveling from Wuwei to Lanzhou, Zhangye, Tianshui, Jinchang, Jiuquan, Jiayuguan, Yumen, Dunhuang, Yinchuan, Xining, etc.
4. There are 15 public bus lines traveling around in Wuwei downtown area now. Bus 1, 2, 12 and 102 can take you to Wuwei Railway Station. Bus 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 8, 10 and 102 can take you to the long-distance bus station.
Wuwei has a typical continental climate which is temperate, semiarid, with a frost free period of 85-165 days a year. The annually average temperature is about 7.7C (45.9F) , of which the lowest is in January with the average temperature of -8.7C (16.3F) and the highest is in July with the average temperature of 21.9C (71.4F). The annual precipitation is 158 millimeters (6.2 inches) in Wuwei.