0086 - 937 - 8809499 (24h)

Yang Guan PassLocated in Nanhu Village, about  70kilometerw southwest to Dunhuang City, Yangguan Pass is one of the two important western passes (the other one is Yumenguan Pass) of Great Wall in Western Han Dynasty (206BC -24AD). The Emperor Wu ordered to build it in the purpose of consolidating the frontier defense as well as developing the remote western region.vEHSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
In Chinese, Yang means the south. Because it is lying to the south of Yumenguan Pass, people gave its name - Yangguan Pass. Together with Yumenguan Pass, it has also witnessed the prosperity of Silk Road in the past times. In Tang Dynasty (618 - 907), it welcomed the glorious return of Xuan Zang, a great monk who pilgrimaged to the west in search of Buddhist scriptures. Many Chinese get to know this important pass mainly from the poem Farewell to Yuaner to Take Office in Anxi, written by Wang Wei, a famous poet in Tang Dynasty. From the last two lines "Oh, my friend, I sincerely entreat you to have another cup of wine; you will see no more friends west out of the Yangguan Pass.", we can see the Yanguan Pass has always been the place of desolation and sadness since ancient times. In the Song (960 - 1279) and Ming (1368 - 1644) Dynasty, because of the decline of the Silk Road, the Pass was generally forgotten by people.vEHSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

For years and years, the flowing dunes have eroded this Great Wall pass into a broken beacon tower, standing alone in the boundless desert. It measures 15.4 feet high and 8.7 yards wide. Around the relic, you cannot even see the dismantled walls, because they were all eroded by the wind and buried under earth. South to the pass, there is a "Curio Beach". It is a small valley where you can find lots of dynasties' tiles, coins, weapons, and decorations.vEHSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours
Today's Yangguan Pass is not only a historic place of recalling the remote past, but also a hometown of tasty grapes. Come here, appreciate the beauty of vicissitudes of the Great Wall, enjoy the natural view combined by oasis, desert and snow peaks, and taste the juicy fruits.vEHSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

Gudongtan and its legendvEHSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

Gudongtan is near the old Yangguan Pass. Many people who have visited the site luckily found coins, beads, jadeware, bronze swords and other little antiques. This is why people call it Gudongtan which means”antique sand”. Nobody can explain where these antiques come from, but one old legend may shed a light on the mystery.vEHSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

According to the legend, the sand here buried precious dowry of a Chinese princess who was going to marry the prince of Khotan kingdom. The empress of Chinese empire prepared abundant dowry for her daughter. Dozens of camel carts were packed with Jewelries, gold and silver ware, silk, rouge, spices and cloth of four seasons. The long bridal procession escorted by soldiers left the capital one morning and headed for the Kingdom in Western region.vEHSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

When the bridal procession reached Gudongtan, they were looted by a group of bandits who have laid in ambush behind the dunes. These bandits were in fact from a nearby little kingdom. Their king had made a proposal to the Chinese princess, but he was turned down by Chinese emperor for his little kingdom was too poor and too small. The king was enraged, he sent spies to China and was later informed that the bridal procession will pass Gudongtan. He then sent 300 confidential soldiers smeared face with ink and covered head with white scarf hiding behind the dunes and waiting for the signal.vEHSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

It was a dim afternoon, as the bridal procession was walking slowly, soldiers complaining the long journey and harsh desert. Suddenly a loud horn broke the peace. Hundreds of bandits rushed out from the dunes. The bridal procession soon fell in to disorder from the sudden attack. However escorting soldiers soon recovered and fought back. After a bitter fighting, all the escorting soldiers were killed by bandits.vEHSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours

When the bandits collected the treasures rejoicingly and were about to take them back, they saw a yellow dust wall was moving quickly toward them. “Sandstorm, sandstorm!” people shouted. The sky soon turned into dark, strong wind with sand and dust blocked the sunlight. The sandstorm lasted for 3 days and nights. After the sky cleared up again, all the treasures disappeared as well as soldiers’ body and those bandits.vEHSilk Road Adventure & Private Tours - Silk Road China Tours




Your message was successfully sent!

General Information

Alias: Yang Pass
Loc: 70 km from Dunhuang
Entrance: 50 RMB
Open Time: 08:00 - 20:00


Silk Road Map

Dunhuang map

Relevant blogs

  • Dunhuang Celebration

    "Dunhuang Celebration" focus on a legendary love story. Besides utilizing the scene of Singing Dunes, Crescent lake in the desert and glorious buildings from Han and Tang Dynasties in Dunhuang Villa, the show uses a series of frontier degree rotating seats, the new use of wall show, the naked eye 3D, holographic imaging and so on. The show is like a tunnel of time and space that brings the audience back to 2000 years ago to fully experience historical and cultural features of Dunhuang, an important town along the Silk Road. The performances are magnificent, majestic and fascinating.

  • China-Korea Cultural Festival debuts at the Dunhuang Gra

    The preferential winter and spring tourism policy not only attracted domestic and foreign tourists to visit Dunhuang, but also attracted some foreign teams to p

  • Thousands of Camels shuttle Dunhuang Mingsha Mountain

    Since August, Dunhuang, Gansu has been cool and pleasant after a few rains. The beautiful blue sky, white clouds and yellow sands of the famous Mingsha Mountain

  • Dunhuang Research Academy lunched a cultural study tour

    The reporter learned from the Dunhuang Research Academy that from July 12th, the Dunhuang Academy will launch a study tour of the World Cultural Heritage. This

  • Sports Tourism Becomes a new visiting card of Dunhuang

    “The International Business Elite Gobi Hiking” ended on the 19th in Dunhuang, an ancient town on the Silk Road. More than 1300 people waved their

  • Dunhuang will host International Kite Festival

    On April 14th, the second Dunhuang International Kite Festival will be opened at the Dunhuang International Convention and Exhibition Center. Theme of the fest