Xi 'an city wall, also known as Xi 'an Ming dynasty city wall, is the largest and most complete ancient city in China. It is the first national key cultural relic protection unit and the national AAAA tourist attraction. Xi 'an city wall in broad sense includes the Tang dynasty city wall and Ming dynasty city wall, but generally refers to Ming dynasty city wall .
Xi 'an city wall is located in the central area of Xi 'an city, Shaanxi province. The wall is 12 meters high, 12 to 14 meters wide and 15 to 18 meters wide. The outline is a closed rectangle with a circumference of 13.74 kilometers. Inside the city walls are known as the ancient city area, with an area of 11.32 square kilometers. The famous Xi 'an drum tower is just located in the center of the ancient city.
There are four main gates on Xi 'an city wall: Changle gate (east gate), Yongning gate (south gate), Anding gate (west gate), Anyuan gate (north gate), these four gates are also the original gates of the ancient Xi 'an city. Since 1912 of the republic of China, a number of new gates have been opened for the convenience of citizens, and now there are 18 gates.
Existing Ming dynasty city wall, has a total length of 13.7 km, was built in the 3rd years of Ming emperor Hongwu (in 1370), completed in the 11th year of Emperor Hongwu (1378), was constructed under the guidance of the Ming emperor "building high walls, storing more grain and claiming the throne late", and built on the basis of the sui, tang dynasty wall. Since Emperor Zhuyuanzhang’s second son Zhushang, who is also known as“King Qin” stayed here, the city wall is super solid and big. Later the wall was repaired and strengthened for many times during Ming and Qing dynasties, so it’s still intact and well preserved.